These kinds of key sentences may be found at the beginning or at the end of the passage. The writer should not retain any significant phrases or technical terms of the original passage.
You cannot help retaining a few significant phrases or technical terms but be sure that sentence structure is entirely your own. If the author has used the autobiographical form of narration or description, you should change the form. Each part of the original passage should be dealt with according to its relative importance ten golden rules for writing a good precis not according to the space assigned to it.
Precis-writing is an art of remodeling of sentences without affecting main theme of the original passage. Reduce the passage to its one third: What is the subject in the passage?
One third of Original Passage It is the general practice that the length of precis-writing should be one third of original passage.
Correct all mistakes in spelling, grammar and idiom and see that it is properly punctuated. Precis is essentially the gist of the passage which you have to express. By the time Elizabethan dramatists sought expression for ever-more sophisticated sentiments, crowds cheered their linguistic daring. Brevity is good but not at the cost of clarity: Correct use of adverbs and other words indicating time Great care must be taken to avoid lapsing in to direct speech- a very common fault.
You are reproducing — briefly and relevantly — and not creating. Decide Theme of the Passage The main theme of the passage should be find out through careful reading and then main points and ordinary points are find out for giving importance.
To make it easy to comprehend one can repeatedly ask below given questions to him while going through the passage i. Have Brevity and Clarity Brevity is the soul of precis-writing. To take some examples, a superior might like to know the main points of an article published in a trade journal or a trade union leader may have to report what happened at a trade union meeting.
Writing a draft and that too in prescribed limits in first attempt is not an easy task. A clear and correct idea of that can help of distinguish between important and unimportant part of the passage.
If it is too long, still further compress it by omitting unnecessary words and phrases or by remodeling sentences. One of the great sticklers, Jacques Barzun, advised in a book that we ought to avoid such whiches. By the way, would you convey my compliments to the purist who reads your proofs and tell him or her that I write in a sort of broken-down patois which is something like the way a Swiss waiter talks, and that when I split an infinitive, God damn it, I split it so it will remain split, and when I interrupt the velvety smoothness of my more or less literate syntax with a few sudden words of barroom vernacular, this is done with the eyes wide open and the mind relaxed and attentive.
What is the author saying in the passage? Creativity Trumps Conformity English heading into the sixteenth century was a makeshift, cobbled-together thing. There is no short cut to summarizing a passage. It can be some word, phrase or short sentence from the passage that will sum up briefly the main subject of the passage.
Even now, it has a lot of adherents. But countless people feel this is unacceptable, possibly because the notion was pounded into their head by some middle school grammar teacher.
Mere deletion or addition of few words of original passage cannot be a precis-writing. No Comments but Conclusion The precis-writer need not give any comments over the original passage but should give conclusion.
This is the time to write out the fair copy neatly, prefixing the title you have chosen. But brevity is not to be achieved at the cost of clarity. In other words, the precis-writing preserved the spirit of the original passage with different words and sentences.
Does this mean there are no rules? So, throw caution to your wind.Precis writing is not the art of selection and deletion, it is the art of remodelling. 3. Brevity is good but not at the cost of clarity: Brevity is the soul of precis writing.
But brevity is not to be achieved at the cost of clarity. If the addition or retention of a few words adds to the. Precis Writing Tips and Examples - PDF Published on Friday, November 10, Two Golden rules for writing Precis.
1) In the above example date of order and name of the industry is important, if you ignore these words, you won't fetch good marks. I’ve been wanting to write this post for a while now.
The main reason is that I keep coming across several writing rules that make little sense to me.
Precis writing is not the art of selection and deletion, it is the art of remodelling. 3. Brevity is good but not at the cost of clarity: Brevity is the soul of precis writing. In common language precise writing is known as summarizing.
A précis is the gist or main theme of a passage expressed in few words. But in spite of its brevity it should be lucid and full so that the reader may be able to grasp the main points and general aspect of the passage summarized.
The style of language and words used in the precis-writing indicate the intelligence of the precis writer. In other words, the precis-writing preserved the spirit of the original passage with different words and sentences. 5. Use Own Language. The precis-writer should use his/her own language for precis-writing.Download