If the original did not, at first reading strike us as being as outrageous as the revised version does, this is largely because although we are not racists ourselves, most of us are speciesists.
No one familiar with the kind of results yielded by most experiments on animals can have the slightest doubt that if this bias were eliminated the number of experiments performed would be a minute fraction of the number performed today. Anyone opposed to racism and sexism will certainly hope that this will be so, for it will make the task of ending discrimination a lot easier; nevertheless it would be dangerous to rest the case against racism and sexism on the belief that all significant differences are environmental in origin.
The final sentence of this passage gives the argument away. Nothing that we can do to it could possibly make any difference to its welfare. Experimenting on animals, and eating their flesh, are perhaps the two major forms of speciesism in our society. In this respect the distinction between humans and nonhumans is not a sharp division, but rather a continuum along which we move gradually, and with overlaps between the species, from simple capacities for enjoyment and satisfaction, or pain and suffering, to more complex ones.
Thus, the structure of this paper reflects the main issues of the chosen text in order to represent the central argument of the article and assess it.
So far as actual abilities are concerned, there do seem to be certain measurable differences between both races and sexes. Napoleon executing animals who dare to question his authority. Yet Benn, like other writers, is thinking only of "equal consideration of human interests.
By comparison, the third and last form of speciesism is so minor as to be insignificant, but it is perhaps of some special interest to those for whom this article was written.
For the great majority of human beings, especially in urban, industrialized societies, the most direct form of contact with members of other species is at mealtimes: Personhood is not, incidentally, coextensive with humanity: Second, Singer argues that it is only by virtue of being sentient that anything can be said to have interests in the first place, so this puts sentience in a different category than the other criteria: Rawls, A Theory of Justice, pp.
It would be folly for the opponent of racism to stake his whole case on a dogmatic commitment to one particular outcome of a difficult scientific issue which is still a long way from being settled. Like it or not, we must face the fact that humans come in different shapes and sizes; they come with differing moral capacities, differing intellectual abilities, differing amounts of benevolent feeling and sensitivity to the needs of others, differing abilities to communicate effectively, and differing capacities to experience pleasure and pain.
Rundman Blackwell, Oxford,p. Peter Singer is one of the defenders of such problem in the context of contemporary scientific realm. It would be nonsense to say that it was not in the interests of a stone to be kicked along the road by a schoolboy.This paper "Are All Animals Created Equal?" examines the philosophical problem of equality in relation to animals.
The writer claims that humans and animals. ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL By Peter Singer From: ANIMAL RIGHTS AND HUMAN OBLIGATIONS Edited by Tom Regan and Peter Singer.
Second edition Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, ISBN # In recent years a number of oppressed groups have campaigned vigorously for equality. Since most - if not all - animals possess the desire to not be harmed, then, according to Singer, these animals should receive equal treatment.
In "Animal Liberation," he asserts, "If a being suffers, there can be no justification for refusing to take that suffering into consideration." Singer's arguments against speciesism are based on the principle of equal consideration of interests and that all animals have an.
Non-human animals should be given rights and protection in the society and there should be a governing body which should govern and implements these rights and norms. It is a fact that animals are an important component of a country economy, the use of animals is a bit compulsory nowadays.
Philosophy Notes: Singer, "All Animals Are Equal" The Milesians and the Origin of Philosophy Ten Philosophical Questions Philosophy and Ethics Subscribe.
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